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SentencePiece python wrapper

author Taku Kudo
author_email taku@google.com
classifiers
  • Development Status :: 5 - Production/Stable
  • Environment :: Console
  • Intended Audience :: Developers
  • Intended Audience :: Science/Research
  • License :: OSI Approved :: Apache Software License
  • Operating System :: Unix
  • Programming Language :: Python
  • Topic :: Text Processing :: Linguistic
  • Topic :: Software Development :: Libraries :: Python Modules
description_content_type text/markdown
license Apache
platform
  • Unix

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File Tox results History
sentencepiece-0.1.97-cp37-cp37m-linux_loongarch64.whl
Size
1 MB
Type
Python Wheel
Python
3.7

SentencePiece Python Wrapper

Python wrapper for SentencePiece. This API will offer the encoding, decoding and training of Sentencepiece.

Build and Install SentencePiece

For Linux (x64/i686), macOS, and Windows(win32/x64) environment, you can simply use pip command to install SentencePiece python module.

% pip install sentencepiece

To build and install the Python wrapper from source, try the following commands to build and install wheel package.

% git clone https://github.com/google/sentencepiece.git 
% cd sentencepiece
% mkdir build
% cd build
% cmake .. -DSPM_ENABLE_SHARED=OFF -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=./root
% make install
% cd ../python
% python setup.py bdist_wheel
% pip install dist/sentencepiece*.whl

If you don’t have write permission to the global site-packages directory or don’t want to install into it, please try:

% python setup.py install --user

Usage

See this google colab page to run sentencepiece interactively.

Segmentation

% python
>>> import sentencepiece as spm
>>> sp = spm.SentencePieceProcessor(model_file='test/test_model.model')

>>> sp.encode('This is a test')
[284, 47, 11, 4, 15, 400]

>>> sp.encode(['This is a test', 'Hello world'], out_type=int)
[[284, 47, 11, 4, 15, 400], [151, 88, 21, 887]]

>>> sp.encode_as_ids(['This is a test', 'Hello world'])
[[284, 47, 11, 4, 15, 400], [151, 88, 21, 887]]

>>> sp.encode('This is a test', out_type=str)
['▁This', '▁is', '▁a', '▁', 't', 'est']

>>> sp.encode(['This is a test', 'Hello world'], out_type=str)
[['▁This', '▁is', '▁a', '▁', 't', 'est'], ['▁He', 'll', 'o', '▁world']]

>>> sp.encode_as_pieces(['This is a test', 'Hello world'])
[['▁This', '▁is', '▁a', '▁', 't', 'est'], ['▁He', 'll', 'o', '▁world']]

>>> proto = sp.encode('This is a test', out_type='immutable_proto')
>>> for n in proto.pieces:
...     print('piece="{}" surface="{}" id={} begin={} end={}'.format(n.piece, n.surface, n.id, n.begin, n.end))
... 
piece="▁This" surface="This" id=284 begin=0 end=4
piece="▁is" surface=" is" id=47 begin=4 end=7
piece="▁a" surface=" a" id=11 begin=7 end=9
piece="▁" surface=" " id=4 begin=9 end=10
piece="t" surface="t" id=15 begin=10 end=11
piece="est" surface="est" id=400 begin=11 end=14

>>> [[x.id for x in proto.pieces], [x.piece for x in proto.pieces], [x.begin for x in proto.pieces], [x.end for x in proto.pieces]]
[[284, 47, 11, 4, 15, 400], ['▁This', '▁is', '▁a', '▁', 't', 'est'], [0, 4, 7, 9, 10, 11], [4, 7, 9, 10, 11, 14]]

>>> proto2 = sp.encode_as_immutable_proto('This is a test')
>>> proto2 == proto
True

>>> for _ in range(10):
...     sp.encode('This is a test', out_type=str, enable_sampling=True, alpha=0.1, nbest_size=-1)
... 
['▁', 'This', '▁', 'is', '▁a', '▁', 't', 'e', 'st']
['▁T', 'h', 'i', 's', '▁is', '▁a', '▁', 'te', 's', 't']
['▁T', 'h', 'is', '▁', 'is', '▁', 'a', '▁', 't', 'est']
['▁', 'This', '▁is', '▁', 'a', '▁', 't', 'e', 'st']
['▁', 'This', '▁', 'is', '▁', 'a', '▁', 't', 'e', 's', 't']
['▁This', '▁is', '▁a', '▁', 'te', 's', 't']
['▁This', '▁is', '▁', 'a', '▁', 't', 'e', 'st']
['▁', 'T', 'h', 'is', '▁', 'is', '▁', 'a', '▁', 'te', 'st']
['▁', 'This', '▁', 'i', 's', '▁a', '▁', 't', 'e', 'st']
['▁This', '▁', 'is', '▁a', '▁', 't', 'est']

>> sp.nbest_encode('This is a test', nbest_size=5, out_type=str)
[['▁This', '▁is', '▁a', '▁', 't', 'est'], 
['▁This', '▁is', '▁a', '▁', 'te', 'st'], 
['▁This', '▁is', '▁a', '▁', 'te', 's', 't'],
['▁This', '▁is', '▁a', '▁', 't', 'e', 'st'],
['▁This', '▁is', '▁a', '▁', 't', 'es', 't']]

>>> sp.sample_encode_and_score('This is a test', num_samples=5, alpha=0.1, out_type=str, wor=True)
[(['▁This', '▁', 'i', 's', '▁a', '▁', 'te', 's', 't'], -3.043105125427246),
(['▁This', '▁', 'i', 's', '▁a', '▁', 'te', 'st'], -2.8475849628448486),
(['▁', 'This', '▁is', '▁', 'a', '▁', 'te', 'st'], -3.043248176574707),
(['▁', 'This', '▁is', '▁a', '▁', 't', 'e', 'st'], -2.87727689743042),
(['▁', 'This', '▁', 'i', 's', '▁', 'a', '▁', 't', 'est'], -3.6284031867980957)]

>>> sp.decode([284, 47, 11, 4, 15, 400])
'This is a test'

>>> sp.decode([[284, 47, 11, 4, 15, 400], [151, 88, 21, 887]])
['This is a test', 'Hello world']

>>> proto = sp.decode([284, 47, 11, 4, 15, 400], out_type='immutable_proto') 
>>> proto.text
'This is a test'

>>> sp.decode(['▁', 'This', '▁', 'is', '▁a', '▁', 't', 'e', 'st'])
'This is a test'

>>> sp.decode([['▁This', '▁is', '▁a', '▁', 't', 'est'], ['▁He', 'll', 'o', '▁world']])
['This is a test', 'Hello world']

>>> sp.get_piece_size()
1000

>>> sp.id_to_piece(2)
'</s>'

>>> sp.id_to_piece([2, 3, 4])
['</s>', '\r', '▁']

>>> sp.piece_to_id('<s>')
1

>>> sp.piece_to_id(['</s>', '\r', '▁'])
[2, 3, 4]

>>> len(sp)
1000

>>> sp['</s>']
2

Model Training

Training is performed by passing parameters of spm_train to SentencePieceTrainer.train() function.

>>> import sentencepiece as spm
>>> spm.SentencePieceTrainer.train(input='test/botchan.txt', model_prefix='m', vocab_size=1000, user_defined_symbols=['foo', 'bar'])
sentencepiece_trainer.cc(73) LOG(INFO) Starts training with : 
trainer_spec {
  input: test/botchan.txt
  .. snip
unigram_model_trainer.cc(500) LOG(INFO) EM sub_iter=1 size=1188 obj=10.2839 num_tokens=32182 num_tokens/piece=27.0892
unigram_model_trainer.cc(500) LOG(INFO) EM sub_iter=0 size=1100 obj=10.4269 num_tokens=33001 num_tokens/piece=30.0009
unigram_model_trainer.cc(500) LOG(INFO) EM sub_iter=1 size=1100 obj=10.4069 num_tokens=33002 num_tokens/piece=30.0018
trainer_interface.cc(595) LOG(INFO) Saving model: m.model
trainer_interface.cc(619) LOG(INFO) Saving vocabs: m.vocab
>>>

Training without local filesystem

Sentencepiece trainer can receive any iterable object to feed training sentences. You can also pass a file object (instance with write() method) to emit the output model to any devices. These features are useful to run sentencepiece on environment that have limited access to the local file system (e.g., Google colab.)

import urllib.request
import io
import sentencepiece as spm

# Loads model from URL as iterator and stores the model to BytesIO.
model = io.BytesIO()
with urllib.request.urlopen(
    'https://raw.githubusercontent.com/google/sentencepiece/master/data/botchan.txt'
) as response:
  spm.SentencePieceTrainer.train(
      sentence_iterator=response, model_writer=model, vocab_size=1000)

# Serialize the model as file.
# with open('out.model', 'wb') as f:
#   f.write(model.getvalue())

# Directly load the model from serialized model.
sp = spm.SentencePieceProcessor(model_proto=model.getvalue())
print(sp.encode('this is test'))